10mm vs 460 Rowland – What’s The Difference?

460 rowland vs 10mm
Alfred Mendoza
When looking at the 460 Rowland vs 10mm Woods Defense, we are looking at two cartridges that have been tested by time and considered as heavy hitters for personal defense against home invaders and attackers. Although it is tough to choose between the two, this in-depth comparison will help you weigh your options better.
The difference between 460 Rowland and 10mm Woods Defense is apparent. The 10mm has a higher capacity when loaded in a Glock 20, 29, or 40, while the 460 Rowland is more powerful when loaded in 1911 Models, Glock 19, Glock 21, Glock 30, Springfield XD, Springfield XDm.

Specification Chart

460 Rowland

  • Brand: Buffalo Bore
  • Model: 460 Rowland
  • Bullet Size: .451 inches
  • Bullet Diameter: .451 inches
  • Shell Case Length: .957 inches
  • Bullet Weight Grain: 185 gr
  • Energy (per 200 yards): 483 ft-lbs
  • Velocity (per 200 yards): 972.6 ft/s
  • Muzzle Energy: 954 ft-lbs
  • Muzzle Velocity: 1,524 ft/s


  • Brand: Hornady XTP
  • Model: 10mm Woods Defense
  • Bullet Size: .401 inches
  • Bullet Diameter: .4005 inches
  • Shell Case Length: .992 inches
  • Bullet Weight Grain: 155 gr
  • Energy (per 200 yards): 300 ft-lbs
  • Velocity (per 200 yards): 934 ft/s
  • Muzzle Energy: 684 ft-lbs
  • Muzzle Velocity: 1,410 ft/s

Detailed Comparison


When it comes to cost, we decided to lean on the Woods Defense 10mm because it isn’t only cheaper than the 460 Rowland, but also one foot ahead when it comes to product availability in ammunition and components for reloading. Although the Rowland does offer good ballistics, spending more money for ammo and its components and more time finding it at local ammunition stores, make it more convincing to choose the 10mm over the 460 Rowland.

If you’re looking for concealed carry pistols, read this Shield vs Sig P365 here.

Rowland 460 & 10mm Trajectory

Since the 10mm Woods Defense has a better sectional density, this round shows a flatter trajectory with an average bullet drop of 1.12 inches at a mark of 50 yards and 4.06 inches at 100 yards over the 460 Rowland.

The 460 Rowland is also heavier and longer than the 10mm ammo, which leads to a faster bullet drop, creating an arch when shot. With this, the 10mm takes another win.

10mm trajectory

Long Distance Shooting

While these cartridges could be used for hunting, both are initially chambered for pistols and handguns that work better at the short-range shooting. Since the Woods Defense 10mm has better sectional density and flatter trajectory, it beats the 460 Rowland at the longer-range shooting. It’s also worthy to note that the 460 Rowland requires a compensator, which could affect your hearing when it is used without such. With this, the 10mm ammo strikes another win against the 460 Rowland.

What’s a good shotgun for tactical shooting? Check out our Benelli M4 & M2 comparison here.

10mm & 460 Loading Type

The Rowland 460 offers cartridges that range from 80 gr to 260 gr, while the 10mm cartridges range from 175 gr to 230 gr. Ballistics and performance-wise, the 460 Rowland is more potent as it has more velocity and more bullet energy than the 10mm. And if you reload, the 460 Rowland becomes a reasonable consideration, too. With this, the 460 Rowland takes its first win against the 10mm Woods Defense.

Bullet Weights

In the 460 Rowland vs 10mm bullet weights, the 460 Rowland takes another win. The 460 Rowland offers a lot of options for bullet weights ranging from 85 gr to 230 gr, although you are more likely to find rounds in the 155 gr – 180 gr weight range. It offers heavier and fatter bullet than the 10mm, which could be taken as an advantage if you are looking for powerful ammo, especially if you’re shooting large four-legged animals. It also offers better penetration and more energy.
10mm bullet weight

Woods Defense 10 mm & 460 Recoil

The Woods Defense 10mm recoils less than a 460 Rowland, so it should be easier to shoot. Although the 460 Rowland deals good recoil, we wouldn’t suggest shooting it without using a compensator. The 460 Rowland’s compensator lessens its recoil, while the 10mm doesn’t need any tool to achieve less recoil. Due to this, we decided to give this point to the 10mm.

.460 Rowland Pros & Cons



10mm Pros & Cons



10mm or .460 Rowland - Our Choice is...

In this in-depth comparison of 460 Rowland vs 10mm Woods Defense, our choice is the 10mm Woods Defense because it is more cost-effective, easier to find at local ammo stores, has a flatter trajectory, and lesser recoil than the 460 Rowland. Although the 460 Rowland has more power, the 10mm Woods Defense has better features.

If you’re looking for self-defense handguns, you might find this Walther PPQ and P99 comparison helpful.

Our #1 Recommendation


6 thoughts on “10mm vs 460 Rowland – What’s The Difference?”

  1. Im currently watching a Kentucky Ballistics YouTube vid on the 460R. I’ve always liked the thought of having one in a full power, reliable, durable and accurate double stack pistol that was manageable. Im really impressed with the ballistics you shared. I currently have an XD10M 5.25 and recoil is about what my preferred limit is. Defence rounds are Underwood 140gr Penetrators and 220 swc. So i could see a comp being a benefit. Anyway, i like the article and just wanted to comment. Thnx.

  2. Seriously? the the 460 has almost rifles like energy. Trajectory has little to do with anything. You wouldn’t even know the difference with out someone telling you. I shoot steel with friends and knock over ram at 200 while the 10mm bounces to the ground. In short the 10mm is lacking.

  3. 10mm weight runs from 60gr-240gr the 240gr can rarely be found but you can roll/press your own, Hornaday makes the components, also some boutique ammunition and hand loaded 180gr 10mm bullets can be pushed in excess of 1500fps, and 155gr at 1700fps out of a 6″ barrel that puts it right on par with the 185gr at 1524fps from the .460 Rowland, the original 10mm psi was set around 44,500 and max pressure I believe 53,000, the 10mm shines best in a 4.5″-9″ barrel on the Glock platform, the 9″ gets you full velocity allowing majority of the powder to burn🔥but you should go with a 24lb recoil spring to help keep the breach locked longer for full pressure and case support during that pressure spike until the chamber pressure drops safely, I also hear that there’s a few spring companies working on developing 26lb-28lb Glock recoil springs, that would great for both the Glock20 and Glock21 platforms for calibers 10mm Auto, 9X25 Dillon, .45 super, .450 SMC, .460 Rowland and .50 G.I. loaded at their original true potentials, I don’t think .460 is that much better than 10mm performance wise especially if the 10mm is truly loaded to it’s true full power potential, you will truly be in low to mid .41 magnum territory, I think the Rowland really stands out over 220gr for 10mm which can be pushed around 1250fps-1300fps+ out of a “6 barrel especially with hand loads, the 230gr .460 Rowland is rated at 1300fps-1400fps that’s basically in the very same ballpark but the 10mm will penetrate deeper.

  4. 10mm Auto can rival .460Rowland in weight ranges 200grs and under, for example a 180gr 10mm bullet can be loaded to break 1580fps and the .460Rowland is a 185gr rated 1575fps this is where the where they meet and overlap their velocities are definitely in the low to mid ranges of .44 magnum which pushes a 180gr bullet at 1600fps-1700fps a difference of 20fps-120fps, but your hottest store bought 180gr 10mm is only rated at 1350fps which is a difference of 250fps-350fps to the .44 magnum but once again a true full power 10mm hand load in the 180gr closes that gap to 20fps-120fps, that even beats Buffalo Bore’s 180gr .41 magnum rated at 1550fps, so 10mm definitely can get into .41 magnum territory without a doubt with careful loading.

    Here’s a YouTube link of StuckCase pushing a 175gr 10mm Auto bullet to 1551fps this is equal to Buffalo Bore’s 180gr .41 magnum ://youtu.be/QQg4wCLfix8

  5. Good to see others have figured out the practical value of both the 10mm and .460 Rowland! I have both and concur with the author’s findings. The Glock 20 is about the best all-around package for the 10mm. It’s not at all heavy, holds a solid 16 rounds of 700fpe+ shots. There 26 round aftermarket mags that really amp up the number of shots and total throw-weight for those so inclined. Everybody and his sister is making 10mm these days, though most of it is pure junk with kinetic energies below 600fpe because it’s all being loaded for “self defense” rather than bear defense. This leaves Underwood and Buffalo Bore as the only worthy loaders of field-power ammunition, or those who roll their own which isn’t at all hard to do. Despite the ridiculous trend toward super-heavy slugs that roll out the barrel, I prefer either a 180 grain FMJ-TC loaded to 1,300+fps, or a 200 grain hard case loaded to the same. Lead bullets have less bore resistance than jacketed and should easily go faster for any given chamber pressure.
    Naturally, with Glock one can install a 6″ barrel and bump energy up by as much as 100fpe depending on bullet weight and powder type and charge. The 10mm can also be fitted with a threaded barrel plus muzzle brake to delay slide opening just the same as the .460 Rowland.
    Having said all that, my favorite is my 1911 .460R conversion. With the V2 recoil management system it uses a 15# action spring – the conversion is virtually invisible other than the muzzle brake on the nose! The gun is easy to cycle – to chamber and clear and shoots softer than with the former Tougher Buffer 20/40# flat-wire coil action spring!
    Factory to Underwood ammo is a pure joy to shoot – not cheap, but fun. Unlike shooting .44 magnum from a revolver that kicks so hard you wonder if you’ve sustained damage to the bones in your hand, the 1911’s recoil is so mild as to have you pausing to LOOK AT IT and make a point of paying attention to the “kick” – or lack thereof on the next shots! While it’s hard to shoot more than 10 rounds of full-power .44 magnum from a revolver, from the 1911 .460R conversion it’s EASY to blow through an entire tray of 50 and and be looking for more!

  6. The .460 Rowland also will make a bigger hole in what ever. And probably the most popular bullet weight for woods carrying is 255 gr hard cast at 1,300 muzzle velocity. Some loads beat that by a little bit.

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